WHY IS TUPELO HONEY SO SPECIAL?
"Food of the Gods"
According to the National Honey Board, there are more than 300 unique honey varieties in America. Each variety is made from the nectar collected by bees from the flowers or blossoms of a specific tree, bush, or flower. Honey bees mix this nectar with enzymes to make honey, and it is the plant nectar which gives each honey its unique flavor. Honey flavors range from very mild (acacia) to pungent (buckwheat). But among these varieties, there is one honey that stands head and shoulders above the rest - tupelo honey. So what is so special about tupelo honey? First and foremost - an amazing flavor (more on that below). Second, color. Tupelo honey has a warm golden color. Sometimes the raw honey will be a bit cloudy due to the pollen content. Third, tupelo honey is very slow to sugar. In some years, the tupelo honey is so pure that it many never crystallize - even after years in your cupboard. But tupelo honey rarely lasts that long. Once you have one spoonful, you will understand why. As several honey lovers have remarked, tupelo honey is "food of the gods."
People Are Wowed By Tupelo Honey
Some of the comments that we have received from customers about tupelo honey include:
"There may be better honey than your tupelo somewhere on this earth, but we've never found it."
"I tasted this honey from someone who thinks it is food from the gods and - Wow! He was right."
"I just got my first taste of tupelo honey. Now I know what all the buzz is about."
"A fine example of Mother Nature's perfection."
And this rather succinct review comes to us with surprising regularity:
"Best Honey I've ever had!"
The "Swamp Tree"
Customers sometimes ask if tupelo honey comes from Tupelo, Mississippi. The short answer is "no." Tupelo honey comes from the tupelo tree. Specifically, the variety of tupelo tree knows as nyssa ogeche. Other names for this tree include "ogeeche lime", "river lime", "white tupelo", "white gum" and "bee tupelo." It's a type of fruit tree that produces a small, hard lime in late summer.
Tupelo trees like to have wet feet. The name "tupelo" is derived from the Native Indian phrase "ito opilwa" which means "swamp tree." They grow best next to rivers and in low lying areas that flood regularly after heavy rains. But these wetlands cannot hold stagnant water; there must be at least some movement to the water to keep it fresh and flowing around the base of the trees. Tupelo trees have a moderate growth rate; a mature tree will average 40 feet in height and a span of 25 to 30 feet. It's a rather plain looking tree, and can be hard to spot except for the short time each spring when the trees are in bloom.
Sweet Nectar from Tree Blossoms
Tupelo honey does not flow out of tupelo trees like sugar sap flows out of maple trees. Tupelo Honey comes from the nectar of flowers. Nectar producing flowers can be found on a wide range of plants, including trees, flowers, bushes and grasses. Other common trees that have nectar-producing blossoms include almond, basswood (linden), black locust (acacia), sourwood and various citrus trees (grapefruit, lemon, lime, orange and tangerine).
Each year, beginning in early April, the magic happens. Small, pea-shaped buds form at the end of tender stems. Over the next few weeks, these small buds will swell into something that looks like a miniature cauliflower. Then, sometime between April 15 and April 30, these buds explode into a round ball with small, delicate spikes. The precious tupelo nectar is at the base of each little spike. In perfect weather, these fragile blossoms will last for just 3 short weeks. In many years, however, the season is cut short by heavy rains (which can knock the blossoms off the trees) or by too much wind (which dries up the nectar).
How Do Beekeepers Harvest Tupelo Honey?
Beekeepers have been chasing tupelo honey for over 150 years. In the early days, beekeepers would build flat, wooden barges and tie the barges to the banks of the Apalachicola and Chipola rivers. At the beginning of the tupelo season, they would bring their beehives down to a landing, and then use boats to ferry their beehives to the barges. After the tupelo bloom ended, the beekeepers would retrieve their beehives from the barges and then take them back to a "honey house" where the honey was extracted from the honeycomb.
Barges are rarely used today. Most beekeepers have several different locations called "bee yards" which are located on higher ground within a reasonable distance to the tupelo trees. These bee yards are very valuable pieces of property, and some have been used by the same family for generations. If they do not own the land, beekeepers will pay "yard rent" in money or honey (or both) to the property owner. Beekeepers will move their beehives onto these bee yards a few weeks before the trees start blooming. When the trees come into full bloom, beekeepers will remove existing honey frames from each beehive, and replace them with empty honey frames. This ensures that the tupelo nectar coming back to the beehive is not mixed in with previously made honey. Just as important, when the tupelo trees finish blooming, the beekeeper must return to each beehive and remove the honey frames before the bees move on to other nectar sources.
What Does Tupelo Honey Taste Like?
Tupelo honey is light amber in color and is often a bit cloudy with a slight greenish cast. This green blush comes from the tupelo pollen in the honey.
It's hard to describe the taste of good tupelo honey. It has an amazing flavor profile. The honey has a bright fruity-floral burst that catches most people by surprise. As it then dissolves over the tongue, it has a pleasing and warm finish that lingers for a while. It's a bit like the flavor of Juicy Fruit gum, but completely natural and much more refined. When the flavor is gone, there is an immediate longing for another spoonful. After sampling tupelo honey for the first time, folks tend to break out into a wide smile and exclaim: "Wow! I never knew that honey could taste so good."
Because of this wonderful and brilliant flavor, tupelo honey has a near cult following among honey lovers. Some folks will simply not eat any other honey. When you combine this strong demand with an unpredictable annual supply, it means that prices for tupelo can be a bit higher than other honey varieties. But it's worth every penny!